What should I know about coronaviruses?

Where do coronaviruses come from?
 Coronaviruses also cause disease in a wide variety of animal species
 SARS-CoV was transmitted from civet cats to humans in China in 2002 and MERS-CoV from dromedary camels to humans in Saudi Arabia in 2012
 Several known coronaviruses are circulating in animals that have not yet infected humans
 A spillover event is when a virus that is circulating in an animal species is found to have been transmitted to human (s)
 Human to human transmission: Based on current available information, Coronaviruses may be transmitted from person to person either through droplets or contact.

What is 2019-nCoV?
 Coronaviruses (CoV) are a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV). A novel coronavirus (nCoV) is a new strain that has not been previously identified in humans.
 The first cases of the 2019-nCoV were identified in Wuhan, China in 2019.
 Coronaviruses are zoonotic, meaning they are transmitted between animals and people. Detailed investigations found that SARS-CoV was transmitted from civet cats to humans and MERS-CoV from dromedary camels to humans. Several known coronaviruses are circulating in animals that have not yet infected humans.
 There is no specific treatment for disease caused by a novel coronavirus. However, many of the symptoms can be treated and therefore treatment based on the patient’s clinical condition. Moreover, supportive care for infected persons can be highly effective.

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